Fields: heard abt 'JUJUBE TEA'?
| Jujube--flood tolerant too?
| How do you kill Jujube
| DEVELOPMENT-CHINA Women Harvest Fruits of Their Labour
Subject: heard abt 'JUJUBE TEA'?
i definately can say it's good for health.
it's traditional Korean tea made of jujubes.
jujubes r turned out to be efficacious for a lot of diseases of
adults. so it's been used not only as a tea but also as health
food for a long time.
it's very simple to make jujube tea.
u can just boil it with some water.
put several dried jujubes into around 1 liter of water (u should
use dried ones), and boil it until jujubes become pulpy.
after that u can strain out the grounds, or drink as it is. (be
careful not to choke down the seeds together ^^ )
it tastes a little sweet itself, so no need to add sugar or honey,
just try it now, u will be 100% satisfied with it!!
From: Permacltur (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Subject: Jujube--flood tolerant too?
I have somewhere read that jujube, which I know well is drought tolerant, is also flood tolerant. I have a situation where I need both properties? Does anyone have any solid info on this? Also, other tree crops that suit such conditions would be of interest if they are appropriate for North Central Florida. (Some freezing weather, at least 300 hours chilling factor, sandy soil high in organic matter.)
From: Permacltur (email@example.com)
Subject: Re: Jujube--flood tolerant too?
>>In order to help you decide we must have more data, such as: Why do you wish to plant a non-native species? What are the species now growing on-site? Are there any indications that different species were there (old stumps)? What species are growing in similar areas near your location?
Off hand, it sounds like a good location for Baldcypress (T. distichum) or Pond Pine (P. serotina). But I suspect you have a Bay/Tyty/Hoorahbush/Gallberry/Catbriar flat, if so competition will be a big problem.
Thanks but I don't want help deciding, only information about the capabilities of jujube. I teach people how to make such decisions, but one still needs accurate info at the outset.
It happens that most off this land is presently open, partially a natural state and partly because it has been used as pasture off and on. I am in process of restoring its value as pasture. However we have insufficient well drained land to grow all kinds of fruit I want and so I'm looking at this area as a place to do a bit of agroforestry. Hence my question on this forum.
As far as native species are concerned, cypress and pine aren't very tasty. I do intend to establish shelterbelts of cypress (for my grandchildren/great grandchildren's benefit) in much wetter areas because I think the trees have been sadly overcut. And of course they are so beautiful.
However what I want to know is does anyone have experience or other definitive knowledge of jujube taking flooding. I'm quite sure that it will handle drought, which is also experienced on this site. I am interested in food species that will do both.
By the way, honey locust has come out very well in the flooding, even though the trees had not been in the ground a full year. Mulberry took several months of drought. And fig was fine, surprisingly, until it broke dormancy. Strawberry guava was very healthy for months and then died suddenly, I suspect from an anerobic pathogen rather than flooding itself. (Same difference--dead is dead.)
From: Richard Cline (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Subject: How do you kill Jujube
I cut down a Jujube tree this summer. As a result I have a couple dozen little trees sprouting in a circle 40 feet in diameter. I tried Roundup on the sprouts and there was no effect. Cutting them off only causes a new one to sprout. I am reluctant to cultivate the entire area as there are some good fruit trees in the yard.
Any recommendations about how to eliminate all of these little sprouts.
From: Rich Johnson (email@example.com)
Subject: Re: How do you kill Jujube
If they're in a yard, your lawnmower should keep them at bay until the roots are finally exhausted--this may take 1-2 years. Growing up this method worked fine for both Locust & Sumac--that pesky weed!.
I have a Sugar Maple stump in my city garden that continues to sprout even though the tree was cut down 2 years ago. I just break off the shoots every now and then. I'm also fighting sprouts from some Sumac tree's my neighbor cut down this past spring. Unfortunately, I have to go about it my hand since they're comming up in the flower beds.
In general I tend to prefer mechanical means over chemical ones as long as the efforts not onerous. Especially when dealing with something as nasty as Roundup.
From: IGC News Desk (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Subject: DEVELOPMENT-CHINA: Women Harvest Fruits of Their Labour
Copyright 2000 InterPress Service, all rights reserved.
Worldwide distribution via the APC networks.
*** 22-Feb-2* ***
Title: DEVELOPMENT-CHINA: Women Harvest Fruits of Their Labour
By Xiong Lei
CANGXIAN, HEBEI, China, Feb 22 (IPS) - It has thousands and thousands of hectares of farmland, but as late as a decade ago, Cangxian County in the northern Chinese province of Hebei had few crops to boast about.
With much of 90,000 hectares of farmland alkalised, Cangxian's soil was considered inhospitable to most plants that would have given the county's people a good income.
But then came the March 8 Green Project, a part of a nationwide environmental campaign launched by the All-China Women's Federation in 1990.
Largely because of it, Cangxian today not only has orchards of jujube, it also makes sure that when new programmes for the county's economic development are up for discussion, representatives of the local women's federation are present.
After all, Cangxian's women farmers were the ones who took the lead in planting land to jujube, a variety of date fruit that just happened to grow well on the county's plant-picky soil. These days, the women have even begun inter-cropping jujube trees with corn, wheat and other plants, making the land more productive.
Environmental conditions have also improved, say the women. Before, says Cao Guangying, ''the soil was too bad even for alkali-resistant sorghum and weeds. (But) look, we now have jujube trees in and around villages. As the land turns green, there are less sandstorms and more birds''.
Similar changes have been taking place all over China because of women-spearheaded green projects. In Shangluo prefecture in the northwest province of Shaanxi, for example, the local women's federations have organised women to cover 160,000 hectares with chestnut, tung and orange trees. The women at Bapan village there have also increased local forest cover to 80 percent.
To be sure, before the Green Project programme reached Cangxian in 1992, some local women had already figured out that the Golden Fibre Jujube, which has high sugar and vitamin content, took well to the local land. But they could not expand production because of the lack of funds and know-how.
To make matters worse, the local women's federation was kept out of the county's economic decision-making, despite the fact that women made up half of the local population of 640,000 and their being responsible for 70 percent of Cangxian's agricultural production.
''An average tree yielded no more than 20 kilos of jujube fruits a year,'' says Liu Xiufeng, a mother of three who has grown jujube trees since 1989. At the time, the local farmer's average annual income was barely 500 yuan (about 62 U.S. dollars).
When the Green Project finally began in Cangxian, the county's women federation started to be asked to join discussions in local economic development. The women also gained access to training and sources of funds.
To date, some 140,000 women between the ages of 16 and 45 years have been involved in the project and the land planted to jujube has expanded from 13,000 to 33,000 hectares.
The annual income of local families now averages 2,700 yuan (337 dollars) per capita, with a fourth of that coming from sales of jujube fruits. Liu also reports happily, ''A tree in my orchard now yields 50 kilos.''
Lu Jingfang, chair of the Cangxian Women's Federation, says they solved the primary problem of funding by raising money from various sources. These included the provincial federation in Sijiazhuang, the All-China Women's Federation, the forestry ministry in Beijing and the villages themselves.
By the time the Federation's staff finished their rounds, they had 24.8 million yuan (nearly three million dollars), including 8.7 million yuan in loans from the local government.
With the money, the Federation helped women farmers develop and expand their jujube orchards, transform and upgrade tree strains, launch regular technical lectures of the county's TV network and set up 21 women farmer technicians' associations. Four projects were started for demonstration, including a 6.7 hectare nursery and two orchards that cover 670 hectares each.
Liu herself was helped by the county women's federation in acquiring more knowledge and has since passed the qualification examination to get a certificate proclaiming her a junior agricultural technician.
In return, she has been providing technical advice to other women on topics such as grafting, pest and disease control and fertiliser application.
Liu has also developed some practical techniques in jujube planting. She has found out, for example, that covering the ground surrounding a jujube tree with straw throughout the winter can conserve soil moisture. This method is especially important here in Cangxian, which is part of the chronically arid north.
In addition, Liu advises other jujube farmers to scrap the bark in early spring. ''It's simple but very effective in pest prevention,'' she says, ''and definitely environmentally friendly.''
The women farmers have surprised many by their enthusiasm and wisdom. Jia Jinqi, head of the Da'ezhuang village, recalls how he was worried when the project began.
''As most of the men had left for cities to make money, women became the main labour force at home,'' he says. ''Yet few of them had ever done such physically challenging work as land levelling. I thought to myself that the work wouldn't be finished in 50 days.''
But the women completed the levelling of 333 hectares of land and the planting of 25,000 jujube trees in 20 days. Exclaims Jia: ''Remarkable indeed!''
The women's self-confidence has grown along with the jujube trees. More and more women are also taking part in county decisions. Across Cangxian, 70 percent of the 517 villages have women representatives in the decision-making body, with 15 women even elected as village heads.
Meanwhile, Lu says the jujube programme has entered its second phase, which entails raising the output and improving the quality of the fruit, as well as developing a system that streamlines production, processing and marketing.
''Again, we have the problem of funding,'' she says, ''and we have very limited access to international finance resources such as the World Bank and the Ford Foundation. For support of whatever kind, we are eager to establish contacts with international organisations, governmental or non-governmental.'' (END/IPS/ap-pr-dv/cf/cf/ccb/js/00)
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